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Tu cita con el inglés (vol. 13) – Uso adecuado de los adverbios such y so

Estudiar inglésEn el artículo de este mes del profesor Ronan O’Donnel tratamos las diferencias entre dos de esas palabrejas que los no angloparlantes solemos confundir al construir oraciones: los adverbios such yso.

Aunque seguro todos tenéis claro que ambos son utilizados para enfatizar, hay otros usos y situaciones en las que saber utilizar adecuadamente so y such puede seros de gran utilidad.

Como de costumbre, Ronan incluye algunos ejercicios y un vídeo para que podáis practicar los conocimientos que adquiráis con este artículo.

Esperamos que resulte de vuestro interés. Y como siempre decimos, si hay algún área de la lengua inglesa que os gustaría trabajar y mejorar, no dudéis en decírnoslo, así el profesor Ronan O’Donnel podrá ayudaros en su próximo artículo.

Honesty is such a lonely word, everyone is so untrue

So and such are similar in meaning and are often confused and misused. In this weeks article we will look at some of the more common uses of both and hopefully clarify any misunderstanding that you may have.

We use so + adjective/adverb(so stupid) and such + adjective + noun (such a stupid rule)

We can use so and such to make the strengthen the meaning of an adjective or adverb 

I cannot understand her because she speaks so quickly. (very quickly)
It was a great party. We had such a good time. (a really good time)

You can similarly use the construction so … that and such … that.

I was so hungry that I ate two whole chickens.
It was such a nice day that we lay out in the garden sunbathing.

So is also used with much, many, little, few, long, far

I didn’t realise thatManchesterwas so far away.
We couldn’t get into the party because there were so many people there.

Here are a few rules to help you with the following exercises

–          I wish the weather wasn’t so bad all the time. (before an adjective)
–          I have never tasted such beautiful bread. (before an uncountable noun)
–          It was such a difficult question to answer. (before a singular countable noun)
–          I have never taught such awful children. (before a plural noun)
–          This car is being driven so slowly. (before an adverb)
–          So many people came that there weren’t enough seats. (before much, many, etc)

Complete the following sentences:

  1. He spoke _____ quietly that nobody could hear him.
  2. I love Jack and Jill. They are _____ nice people.
  3. He is a very hard worker. He always looks _____ tired.
  4. That was the worst restaurant I have ever eaten in. I’ve never tasted _____ disgusting food.
  5. The weather was gorgeous. It was _____ a beautiful day.
  6. I have never seen _____ many people in one place before.

Answers. 1. so, 2. such, 3. so, 4. such, 5. such, 6. so.

 

If you are in any way sensitive to more colourful language please return to Billy Joel, if not have a listen to a so unimpressed Robbie Williams with a somewhat more creative use of so and such.

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Ronan O'Donnell

English teacher in London. Founder of A2B English, providing English Teachers to Individuals and Businesses in London.

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